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Glossaries

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Select the first letter of the word from the list above to jump to appropriate section of the glossary.

- A -

accelerator key

A keyboard shortcut for a command. For example, Ctrl + Alt + Delete is an accelerator key for the task manager in Windows 95.

 

activate

To make a window active by bringing it to the front.

 

active window

The current window that is being used.

 

applet

A small application that cannot run by itself.

 

application

A computer program.

 

associate

To link a file with a certain program. This way, when you double-click on an associated file, it will open the correct program.

 

Async SRAM (Asynchronous SRAM)

Async SRAM is not synchronized with the system clock, so the CPU must wait for requested data from the L2 cache.

Asynchronous SRAM (Async SRAM)

Async SRAM is not synchronized with the system clock, so the CPU must wait for requested data from the L2 cache.

attribute

A characteristic or property.

 

auto arrange

In Windows Explorer, selecting auto arrange will lock any visible icons into a grid or pattern.

 

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- B -

 

background operation

This is an action performed by an application when another application is already active.

 

backup

A Windows 95 program that allows the user to back up files from a hard disk onto a floppy disk, another computer, or tape drive.

 

BIOS

Basic Input/Output System.

 

batch program

A text file that tells Windows 95 to perform one or more actions in order.

 

binary

A numbering system which uses only two values : 0 and 1.

 

BEDO RAM (Burst Extended-data-out RAM)

Can handle 4 data elements in one burst, which allows the last 3 elements to avoid the delay of the first.

 

binary file

Any file that has characters other than text.

 

bits per second (BPS)

A data transmission speed measurement over a serial link.

 

boot partition

The partition of the hard disk that holds the Windows 95 operating system.

 

browse

To examine and search through files, directories, the Internet etc.

 

Burst Extended-data-out RAM (BEDO RAM)

Can handle 4 data elements in one burst, which allows the last 3 elements to avoid the delay of the first.

 

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- C -


cascade

An arrangement of Windows so each window is neatly stacked with only the title bar of each window is showing.

 

CD-ROM drive

A disk drive which uses thin round discs. The amount of information stored on these discs can be very large, and read quickly. A CD-ROM drive is what reads these discs.

 

check box

A dialog box, usually square, that records an on or off value.

 

clear

Normally refers to removing the check from a checkbox.

 

clicking

Swiftly pressing and releasing a mouse button.

 

client

Any workstation that connects to another computer’s resources.

 

clipart

Any image that you can use to add into a document. Clipart comes in many varieties of file types including .CGM, .BMP, .GIF, and .WMF formats.

 

clipboard

A temporary storage location in Windows. The clipart will store one piece of information at a time when it is manually added to the clipart or is copied there.

 

close button

The X in the upper right corner of a window. When clicked, it will close the current window.

 

collapsing

Hiding an additional level of directories beneath the selected directory in My Computer or Windows Explorer.

 

color scheme

A selection of colors that the user sees when using Windows. These colors make up the display of applications, dialog boxes, etc.

 

COM

COM refers to a serial port on which a peripheral is connected to. A COM port is a communications port. Peripherals plugged into COM ports usually include modems and mice.

 

command

An option form an application’s menu, or a command typed in by the user, such as at a DOS prompt or at the Run dialog box in Windows.

 

command button

A command button, when clicked, will cause an action to occur.

 

connection

An established communication session between a server and a workstation.

 

control menu

Any menu that exists in every window and allows the user to change its settings such as its size and position.

 

Control Panel

A system utility that comes with Windows that allows the use to change a variety if different Windows and system settings.

 

conventional memory

Memory located in the first 640K block.

 

CPU

Central Processing Unit. This is what you may call the "brain" of your computer.

 

current window

The window that you are using right now.

 

cursor

The representation of the mouse on-screen. Depending on your settings, the cursor can be many different things.

 

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- D -


database

A group of files or a single file that is designed to hold recurring data types, just as if the files are lists.

 

data bits

The number of bits needed to transmit a single piece of information. This number is usually around 7 or 8.

 

default button

A command button that will activate once the user presses Enter. The default button is recognizable by a dark outline around it.

 

default printer

The printer that will print documents automatically if a different printer is not specified beforehand.

 

desktop

The area of the screen where windows are displayed.

 

dialog box

A message box that appears on-screen that asks the user for input or relays information to the user.

 

Dial-up Networking

Using a modem to dial into a remote site network.

 

DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module)

A module on which RAM is packaged. DIMM’s can be used individually on a Pentium motherboard.

 

Disk Defragmenter

A Windows 95 tool that organizes blocks of information on your hard drive to shorten the time it takes to read certain files.

 

docking station

An external device for use with laptop computers that provides additional options for the laptop. These include a full screen monitor, a mouse, an extra disk drive, serial ports, and many other options as well.

 

document

A file created by an application.

 

DOS

Disk Operating System. DOS refers to any Disk Operating System such as MS-DOS and PC-DOS.

 

double-click

Swiftly pressing the same mouse button twice, while keeping the mouse pointer stationary.

 

download

Retrieving a file from a BBS, an FTP site, or a remote computer.

 

drag

Holding the mouse button down while moving it to a different position on screen.

 

drag and drop

When you click your mouse once and an object and hold it, while simultaneously moving that item to a different location.

DRAM (Dynamic RAM)

The standard main memory type in most of today’s computers. DRAM is stored with information as a series or charges in a capacitor.

 

DriveSpace

DriveSpace is a program that comes with Windows 95 that gives the user a number of options dealing with disk drives. These options include mounting and unmounting a drive, compressing and decompressing a drive, checking how much space is left on a disk drive and so on.

 

drop-down list

A dialog box such as a File menu that contains one command until it is clicked when a number of different commands "drop-down."

 

dual-boot

A dual-boot system is one that when booted, will give the user a choice to boot into either of two operating systems.

 

Dual In-line Memory Module (DIMM)

A module on which RAM is packaged. DIMM’s can be used individually on a Pentium motherboard.

 

Dynamic RAM (DRAM)

The standard main memory type in most of today’s computers. DRAM is stored with information as a series or charges in a capacitor.

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- E -


EDO RAM (Extended-Data-Out RAM)

EDO RAM recognizes that most of the time when the CPU requests memory for a particular address, it will want some more addresses nearby.

 

ellipsis

An ellipsis consists of three dots (…) like this… An ellipsis on the end of a command button or a menu option means that there is more to come when you click on it.

 

Explorer

Windows Explorer is a program that comes with Windows 95 that is more advanced than File Manager. This program lets you manage and view files on your system.

 

extended memory

Extended memory refers to memory that Windows can access past the first MB (Megabyte) of memory from your system.

 

Extended-Data-Out RAM (EDO RAM)

EDO RAM recognizes that most of the time when the CPU requests memory for a particular address, it will want some more addresses nearby.

 

external command

A command that requires a separate file to run.

 

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- F -

 

fiber optic

A kind of cable that transmits information through light signals.

 

file allocation table (FAT)

A DOS file system that uses a file allocation table to store information locations, sizes, and properties of files saved on the disk.

 

file name

The name that an operating system gives to a file when it is stored to a disk.

 

file name extension

A three letter extension after a file name tell you what type of file it its. For example, WORD.DOC is a Word file whose file name extensions is .DOC.

 

font

A description of how a certain set of characters should be displayed.

 

folder

A folder represents a directory on disk drives. They can contain files, other folders, and programs.

 

FPM RAM (Fast Page-Mode RAM)

FPR RAM was the type or RAM found in all PC’s before the invention of EDO RAM.

 

Fast Page-Mode RAM (FPM RAM)

FPR RAM was the type or RAM found in all PC’s before the invention of EDO RAM.

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- H -

 

help

A program that gives you information on how to use Windows and will assist you with any problems you may have as well.

 

hidden file

A file that is not visible in Windows Explorer is known as a hidden file. However, you can view these in Windows 95 by changing a setting under Options from the View menu.

 

host drive

The physical hard drive where DriveSpace compressed volume files exist.

hub

A passive or active multiport repeater or wiring concentrator.

 

hue

A numerical depiction of a color which is part of a color wheel.

 

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- I -

 

I-beam

An I-beam (I) is a symbol that appears over places where text can be entered.

 

icon

A graphic representation of a file, folder, shortcut, program, etc.

 

import

To bring in an object.

 

inactive window

A window that is open but is not active.

 

insertion point

A vertical flashing line that shows the user where text will be inserted.

 

interface

The visible layer which allows a user to communicate with a computer.

 

Internet work Packet Exchange (IPX)

A network protocol created by Novell to address packets of data from ultimate destination and source nodes located on a LAN networked with NetWare.

 

interoperability

The ability for equipment to work together.

 

Interrupt Request Line (IRQ)

A conductor (line) on the internal bus of the computer which can tell the CPU to process certain data.

 

I/O address

Input/Output address.

 

IPX (Internet work Packet Exchange)

A network protocol created by Novell to address packets of data from ultimate destination and source nodes located on a LAN networked with NetWare.

 

IRQ (Interrupt request line)

A conductor (line) on the internal bus of the computer which can tell the CPU to process certain data.

 

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- J -

 

jumpers

Small devices that act as switches between two pins of a multi-pin header.

 

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG is a committee that created a method for storing photographs on computers. Photographs on the WWW (World Wide Web) are usually in either JPEG or GIF format.

 

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)

JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG is a committee that created a method for storing photographs on computers. Photographs on the WWW (World Wide Web) are usually in either JPEG or GIF format.

 

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- K -

 

kernel

Responsible for basic process and input/output execution. Also called the core of an operating system.

 

kernel driver

A hardware driver.

 

keyboard buffer

Memory where keystrokes are stored.

 

keyboard shortcut

A combination of keystrokes that, when pressed, will perform a certain action.

 

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- L -

 

L2 Cache (Level 2 Cache)

A separate memory area configured with SRAM. The function of a L2 Cache is to stand between DRAM and the CPU.

 

Level 2 Cache (L2 Cache)

A separate memory area configured with SRAM. The function of a L2 Cache is to stand between DRAM and the CPU.

 

license

An agreement that you either agreed to or were assumed to have agreed to with most software titles. When you installed Windows 95, you agreed to the license.

 

linked object

Data which is stored in a document that was originally from another application.

 

list box

A dialog box that shows all available options.

 

local printer

The printer which is directly connected to the computer.

 

local reboot

The ability that Windows 95 has to close down a single application that is causing a problem without affecting other running programs.

 

logical drive

A logical drive is an extension of an existing drive. For example, you may have a hard drive that takes up more than one drive letter due to its size. A logical drive is the part of that hard drive which is not the main letter, but still part of it. Data from all logical drives is read from the same drive.

 

long file name

Windows 95’s ability to use file names up to 256 characters long.

 

LPT

A parallel port in which the printer is connected to.

 

luminosity

Refers to the brightness of a color.

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- M -

macro

A series of keystrokes and mouse clicks that can be abbreviated into a single keystroke or mouse click.

 

map network drive

Associating a network drive. Doing this will have the drive appear in My Computer.

 

maximize (button)

To make a window appear at its largest possible size. In Windows 95 applications, the maximize button is a square in the top right corner of the window.

 

menu

A list of command options that are available.

 

menu bar

Displays the names of all the menus available. Located under the title bar.

 

menu command

A command from a menu that will perform an action when clicked.

 

microprocessor

A miniature-sized processor.

 

MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)

A connection of electronic instruments. Basically, it’s a digital sound file that can read electronic notes to play music.

 

Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI)

A connection of electronic instruments. Basically, it’s a digital sound file that can read electronic notes to play music.

 

minimize (button)

To make a window disappear from the screen and move down to the taskbar. The minimize button in Windows 95 applications is an underscore (_) in the top right corner of the window.

 

modem

A device, usually connected to a serial port of a computer, that transmits data over regular phone lines. Modem stands modulator\demodulator ; it converts a digital stream of data into sound for transmission (modulator) and converts incoming sound signals into data (demodulator).

 

motion JPEG

Created by the Joint Photograph Experts Group, motion JPEG is a compression/decompression program for video files.

 

mouse pointer

A symbol that represents mouse movement. When you move your mouse, the mouse pointer will move on the screen accordingly.

 

MPEG (Motion Picture Experts Group)

MPEG stands for the Motion Picture Experts. MPEG is a compression/decompression program for movie and animation files.

 

MS-DOS

Microsoft Disk Operating System.

 

MS-DOS based application

An application that does not require Windows and would normally run on a DOS based machine. Most DOS based applications have no problem running under Windows 95’s DOS box.

 

multimedia

A collection of, but not limited to, animations, sounds, graphics, movies, and so on. Multimedia literally means "more than one type of media."

 

multitasking

The possibility of an operating system to efficiently manage more than one task at a time.

 

My Computer

An icon which appears on the Desktop of all Windows 95 users. My Computer allows users to access disk drives, view and manage files and folders, and access other areas of Windows 95 such as the Control Panel and the Printers screen.

 

My Briefcase

My Briefcase is an item that Windows 95 users have an option to keep it on their Desktop or not. My Computer gives portable users a way to bring data along with them as they travel.

 

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- N -


NetBIOS

A protocol developed by IBM and Sytek that provides users several networking functions.

 

Network Interface Card (NIC)

A card that is connected to the bus of a computer that is used to interface to a LAN.

 

Network Neighborhood

Network Neighborhood is a utility that users of Windows 95 and NT can access only if they are part of a network. It allows the user view all resources available on their network.

 

NIC (Network interface Card)

A card that is connected to the bus of a computer that is used to interface to a LAN.

 

null modem

A null modem link is a serial link to another computer directly through the use of a cable.

 

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- O -


object

An item that can be linked to another Windows application that supports OLE.

 

Object Linking and Embedding (OLE)

A program for data sharing that allows two non-compatible applications to work together when creating the document that is to be shared.

 

OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers)

The term OEM means Original Equipment Manufacturers. This refers to equipment or software that was provided, and not purchased by the user.

 

OLE Automation

The ability of a server application to make its own objects available for use in a macro language with another application.

 

OLE (Object Linking and Embedding)

A program for data sharing that allows two non-compatible applications to work together when creating the document that is to be shared.

 

Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM)

The term OEM means Original Equipment Manufacturers. This refers to equipment or software that was provided, and not purchased by the user.

 

offline

A device is said to be "offline" when it is not ready to accept input.

 

online

A device is said to be "online" when it is ready to accept input.

 

option button

An item in a dialog box that allows the user to select only one option from a group of options.

 

orientation

The setting in which a page will be printed. For example, portrait orientation will print normally, and landscape orientation will print the page sideways.

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- P -


palette

A collection or group of tools.

 

pane

A distinct area of a window.

 

paragraph formatting

Refers to the format style of an entire paragraph in a word processing program. This includes font, indention, alignment, spacing, margins, bulleting and so on.

 

parallel port

A port that has a parallel transmission rate of 8 bits at one time.

 

parity

A fragment of data added to each byte of transmitted or stored data.

 

partition

A section of a hard drive that acts as a separate disk, even though it is not.

 

path

The location of a file in the directory tree.

 

PB SRAM (Pipeline Burst SRAM)

PB RAM uses pipelining, in which SRAM requests within the burst are executed almost on an instantaneous basis.

 

PC cards (Formerly PCMCIA cards)

Small, credit card sized cards that plug into slots of a laptop computer. These cards can be modems, memory, sound, networking, hard drives and so on.

 

picon

A still picture, usually a bitmap, that is the first frame of a video clip.

 

PIF

A type of file that gives Windows 95 with information so it can run a non-windows program.

Pipeline Burst SRAM (PB SRAM)

PB RAM uses pipelining, in which SRAM requests within the burst are executed almost on an instantaneous basis.

pixels

Picture elements.

 

play list

A list of tracks that will be played from an audio CD in CD Player.

 

plug and play

A capability of Windows 95 that will automatically detect new hardware and peripherals automatically. If you install a new piece of hardware, Windows 95 will automatically detect it, identify it, and read from it the next time you restart Windows 95.

 

pointer

The on-screen symbol that represents mouse movement.

 

port

A socket or connection that connects devices to a computer.

 

port replicator

A device for portable computers that will allow all bus lines to be available externally.

 

Postoffice

The machine where all mail messages will be stored for a workgroup.

Postproduction editing

The process of adding animated overlays, special effects and more to a video production once it has been completed.

 

Postscript

A language created by Adobe that will precisely read graphics and fonts.

primary partition

A partition of a hard drive that can contain an operating system and cannot be subpartitioned. A primary partition drive is the only type of drive that is bootable.

 

printer driver

A program in Windows that tells different programs how to specifically format data for a certain type of printer.

 

printer font

A font that is stored in the ROM of a printer.

 

printer settings window

A window that displays all printers which contain drivers that have been identified by Windows. From here, you can configure any printer you want, with a large group of options available for each printer.

 

printer window

A window that displays the status of the current print job for the current printer. From here you can cancel, pause, or restart a print job.

 

processor

A regulating device inside a computer that interprets and executes instructions. The processor controls most major functions of any computer, and also performs computations.

program file

A program that does not use an association and runs an application directly.

 

program window

A window that displays a program, and that program’s documents.

 

properties dialog box (properties sheet)

In Windows 95, a properties dialog box is a box that displays the properties of a certain item, and may allow the user to change its properties directly from there.

proportional font

A proportional font is a font whose width varies depending on the individual characters.

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- Q -

 

 

QIC

The standard formatting method for most tape backup machines.

 

queue

A list of documents that are waiting to be printed that can be viewed from the printer window.

quick format

A quick and easy method of formatting a floppy disk. Simply erasing the root directory and file allocation table (FAT) of a disk, and not checking for flaws does this.

QuickTime

A unique compression/decompression scheme for animation files developed by Apple that is compatible with both Macintosh and Windows.

 

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- R -

RAM (Random Access Memory)

Physical memory that is located in a computer. Windows 95 requires 8 million bytes of RAM (8 M of RAM), but is recommended to be on a system with at least 16M of RAM.

 

 Random Access Memory (RAM)

Physical memory that is located in a computer. Windows 95 requires 8 million bytes of RAM (8 M of RAM), but is recommended to be on a system with at least 16M of RAM.

Raster font

A font whose characters are stored and read as pixels.

 

Read-only

A characteristic of a file which allows it to be only opened and viewed, and cannot be edited.

 

Recycle Bin

An icon on your desktop in Windows 95. The Recycle Bin is similar to the trash can of Apple systems. To delete an item, simply drag it to the Recycle Bin. Here, the Recycle Bin will hide the item from view, but won’t erase it. This allows you to restore that item if you’d like.

Registry

A configuration, information database that comes with Windows 95. The registry contains program information, associations, hardware information and so on.

Registry Editor

A program that comes with Windows 95 that allows the user to edit the registry.

Repeater

A bus network device that amplifies or repeats bits of data received from one port, and sends each bit to another port.

 

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- S -

SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory)

Ram that can handle bus speeds of up to 100 MHz. SDRAM allows two pages of memory to be opened at the same time. It is also synchronized with the system clock.

SGRAM (Synchronous graphics RAM)

SGRAM is a single-ported RAM type. SGRAM uses a dual-bank feature to speed performance.

SIMM (Single In-line Memory Module)

A module on which RAM is packaged. SIMM’s must be used in pairs on Pentium motherboards.

Single In-line Memory Module (SIMM)

A module on which RAM is packaged. SIMM’s must be used in pairs on Pentium motherboards.

SRAM (Static Random Access Memory)

RAM that stores data within an automatic refresh. Reaches speeds of up to 12 ns. Most commonly used in an L2 cache.

Static Random Access Memory (SRAM)

RAM that stores data within an automatic refresh. Reaches speeds of up to 12 ns. Most commonly used in an L2 cache.

Sync SRAM (Synchronous burst SRAM)

RAM that is synchronized with the system clock. Sync SRAM reaches speeds of about 8.5 ns.

Synchronous Burst SRAM (Sync SRAM)

RAM that is synchronized with the system clock. Sync SRAM reaches speeds of about 8.5 ns.

Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory (SDRAM)

Ram that can handle bus speeds of up to 100 MHz. SDRAM allows two pages of memory to be opened at the same time. It is also synchronized with the system clock.

Synchronous graphics RAM (SGRAM)

SGRAM is a single-ported RAM type. SGRAM uses a dual-bank feature to speed performance.

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- T -

TAPI (Telephone Applications Programming Interface)

Telephone Applications Programming Interface, or TAPI, allows a program to work independently with a modem without accessing the modem hardware directly.

 

Telephone Applications Programming Interface (TAPI)

Telephone Applications Programming Interface, or TAPI, allows a program to work independently with a modem without accessing the modem hardware directly.

 

Taskbar

A bar that usually runs at the bottom of Windows 95 which shows all tasks that are currently being run. The Start button is usually on the left side of the Taskbar. A clock is usually on the right side of the Taskbar. The Taskbar can be moved to any edge of the screen, and the clock and Start button can be removed if desired.

task list

A list of applications that are currently running. Windows users can access the Task list by pressing Alt + Tab.

text box

A section of a dialog box where characters can be entered in order to carry out a command.

 

text file

A file containing nothing other than text.

 

thumbnail

A small representation of a graphic. A thumbnail is significantly smaller than the real sized graphic, and is usually used to get to the real sized graphic.

 

thread

A chunk of a program.

 

tile

To reduce and reposition all windows so each one can be seen on-screen at the same time.

 

time slice

A quick period of time in which a program is given to access the processor.

 

time-out

A quick period of time in which a driver or device must stop performing the current action, and contact the operating system.

 

title bar

A bar at the top of most windows that displays the title of each window.

 

toolbar

A group of option buttons in some programs that usually make performing certain actions quicker and easier.

 

TrueType font

A font system created by Microsoft that makes using fonts simpler and easier. TrueType fonts are able to work in all Windows environments. There are hundreds of TrueType fonts to choose from.

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- U -


UNC (Universal Naming Convention)

Universal Naming Convention, or UNC, is the ability of one computer to access, view, and even edit files from another machine without having to assign a drive letter to it on itself.

 

Unimodem

A universal modem driver that comes with Windows 95 by Microsoft.

 

uninstall

To uninstall a program is to completely remove all files of that program and all associated files in other directories. Simply deleting files from a program’s main directory will not remove all of its files. Uninstalling the program will.

 

Universal Naming Convention (UNC)

Universal Naming Convention, or UNC, is the ability of one computer to access, view, and even edit files from another machine without having to assign a drive letter to it on itself.

 

unprintable area

The area around the edges of paper that a printer is not capable of printing on.

 

upload

To send a file to a remote computer, BBS, or FTP site.

 

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- V -

Vcache

A 32-bit replacement for Windows 95 of the older SmartDrive that run under previous version of Windows and DOS. Vcache will dynamically allocate itself and can speed up your hard drive and CD-ROM. Vcache uses more advanced caching methods to do this.

 

vector font

A vector font is a font that uses connected points to create characters.

 

Video for windows

A group of protocols and utilities for Windows 95 that establishes full-motion video.

Virtual memory

Virtual memory will temporarily assemble extra RAM by use of permanent media.

 

Virus

A computer program, usually made to be spread from computer to computer, that is intended to either annoy the user, or cause harm to his or her computer. Viruses can simply place annoying messages on-screen, or re-format the users hard drive causing a 100% loss of all data on the hard disk.

 

ViSCA

A protocol that allows up to seven video devices to be connected together and hooked up to a single serial port.

Volume

A formatted disk partition that is available for an operating system to use.

 

Volume label

The identification of a diskette or volume.

VRAM (Video RAM)

Used to store pixel values of a graphical display. The board’s controller reads continuously from VRAM to refresh the display.

 

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- W -

 

Wallpaper

The background image or graphic that appears on the Windows Desktop. The wallpaper is customizable according to how the user wants it.

WAV file

A .WAV file is a digitized sound file.

Web browser

A program that allows the user to view information from the Internet and access web sites.

What’s This?

A feature that is new to Windows 95 that allows the user to view a description of what a certain item it.

Windows RAM (WRAM)

A dual-ported RAM that exclusively used for graphical performance.

 

Winpopup

An applet that allows the user to send messages from one workgroup of a network to another.

 

Wizard

A step-by-step group of instructions that will help the user with a particular task.

Word wrap

The ability of a word processor to move text of a sentence that does not fit on one line of the page to the next line possible.

Workgroup

A group of PC’s that are networked together to do work that users normally would do together.

WRAM (Windows RAM)

A dual-ported RAM that exclusively used for graphical performance.

 

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- X -

 

X coordinate

The exact position of an item relative to the left side of the screen. When the item is closer to the right side of the screen, the X coordinate number will increase.

Xmodem

Used by DOS applications, Xmodem is an error-correcting protocol and other communications programs.

 

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- Y -

 

Y coordinate

The exact position of an item relative to the bottom of the screen. When you move closer to the top of the screen, the y coordinate number will increase.

Ymodem

A form of Xmodem that has the capability to run batch file transfers.

 

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- Z -

 

Zmodem

A streaming protocol that is a quick way to transfer data.

 

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